A. Fit For Purpose Land Administration (FFP LA)
FIG (Federation Internationale des Geometres / International Federation of Surveyors) domiciled in Denmark as an international surveyor professional organization in cooperation with the World Bank and many other institutions have issued FFP in land administration concept. This new approach began with the paradigm that the completeness of land records should be in priority than the accuracy of the data. The accuracy of data should be carried out continuously. Completeness of this data will be able to provide what the objectives of administrative activities for the whole of land, whether registered or not registered. Forestry and non-forest areas.
The FFP approach includes three fundamental characteristics:
● Focus on the purpose. The main purposes of land administration systems are normally identified as providing security of tenure for all, but also enabling access to credit and investments, facilitating valuation and taxation of land and property, and planning and control of the use of land and natural resources. The systems therefore need a spatial framework (land parcel mapping) to operate, which should identify and delineate the occupancy and use of the individual land parcels. This framework should again be established according to the purposes. For example, security of land tenure only needs sufficient identification of the land parcel, e.g. on aerial imagery, and does not need accurate boundary surveys per se.
● Flexibility. The FFP approach includes the adaptability to meet actual needs for specific land administration functions and locations. It is about flexibility in terms of demands for accuracy, and for shaping the legal and institutional frameworks to best accommodate societal needs. The FFP approach also includes the flexibility to meet the need for securing different kinds of tenure types, ranging from more social or customary tenure types to formal types such as private ownership and leasehold.
● Incremental improvement. The systems should be designed for initially meeting the basic needs of society today. This will identify the optimal way of achieving this by balancing the costs, accuracy and time involved. This creates what is termed a “Minimum Viable Product”. For example: by utilising accurate field surveys and doing it quickly, the costs will enormous. In contrast, and this is the FFP approach, the product can be established quickly and cheaply, but it will mean that accuracy
The FFP approach includes four core principles for each of the three frameworks as outlined in Figure 1:
Figure 1: The fit for purpose concept (Enemark, 2015)
The complete cadastral with topographic maps become a base geospatial information for land administration activities. Land administration's perspective can be illustrated in the following chart:
Figure 2: A Global Land Administration Perspective (Enemark, 2004).